AskDefine | Define consume

Dictionary Definition



1 eat immoderately; "Some people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal" [syn: devour, down, go through]
2 serve oneself to, or consume regularly; "Have another bowl of chicken soup!"; "I don't take sugar in my coffee" [syn: ingest, take in, take, have] [ant: abstain]
3 spend extravagantly; "waste not, want not" [syn: squander, waste, ware]
4 destroy completely; "The fire consumed the building"
5 use up (resources or materials); "this car consumes a lot of gas"; "We exhausted our savings"; "They run through 20 bottles of wine a week" [syn: eat up, use up, eat, deplete, exhaust, run through, wipe out]
6 engage fully; "The effort to pass the exam consumed all his energy"

User Contributed Dictionary



From consumere.


  • (UK): /kənˈsjuːm/, /k@n"sju:m/
  • (US): , /kənˈsuːm/, /k@n"su:m/


  1. To use.
    • The power plant consumes 30 tons of coal per hour.
  2. To eat.
    • Baby birds consume their own weight in food each day.
  3. To occupy (one’s attention or thoughts).
    • Desire consumed him.
  4. To destroy completely.
    • The building was consumed by fire.


Derived terms

Related terms


to use
to eat
  • Dutch: consumeren
  • Finnish: kuluttaa, syödä
  • French: consommer
  • Hebrew: לצרוך (litzrokh)
  • Irish: caith
  • Italian: consumare
  • Norwegian: fortære
to occupy
to destroy completely
  • Dutch: verteren, consumeren
  • Finnish: tuhota, tuhoutua
  • French: consumer

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Sanforize, abate, ablate, absorb, annihilate, assimilate, atomize, atrophy, attenuate, bate, be eaten away, bestow, bleed white, blow, break up, bring to ruin, burn down, burn up, come apart, condemn, confound, consecrate to, consume away, corrode, crack up, cremate, crumble, crumble into dust, damn, deal destruction, decay, decimate, decline, decompose, decrease, dedicate to, deliquesce, demolish, deplete, depreciate, depredate, desolate, despoil, destroy, devastate, devote, devour, die away, digest, diminish, disintegrate, disjoin, disorganize, dispatch, dispose of, dissipate, dissolve, dive, do in, down, drain, drain of resources, dribble away, drink up, drop, drop off, dry up, dwindle, eat, eat up, ebb, emacerate, emaciate, employ, engorge, engross, erode, exhaust, expend, fall, fall away, fall off, fall to pieces, finish, finish off, fission, fritter away, get away with, get down, give over to, give to, gobble, gobble up, gorge, gulp, gulp down, gut, gut with fire, guzzle, havoc, impoverish, incendiarize, incinerate, ingest, inhale, languish, lavish, lay in ruins, lay waste, lessen, let up, lose, macerate, melt away, molder, obsess, occupy, overcome, overwhelm, parch, pass, pine away, plummet, plunge, polish off, preoccupy, preshrink, punish, put away, put down, put in, ravage, raze, reduce, reduce to ashes, ruin, ruinate, run low, run to seed, run to waste, sag, sear, sew up, shift, shipwreck, shrink, shrivel, sink, spend, spill, split, squander, subside, suck dry, surround, swallow, swallow up, swill, tail off, take down, take in, thin, throw away, throw into disorder, total, tuck in, unleash destruction, unleash the hurricane, upheave, use up, vandalize, vaporize, wane, waste, waste away, wear, wear away, wear out, weazen, while, while away, wile, wither, wither away, wizen, wolf, wrack, wreak havoc, wreck
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